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EPCs in Commercial Properties

Commercial buildings are responsible for almost 20 per cent of the UK’s energy consumption and carbon emissions. Energy performance certificates are intended to promote the improvement of the energy performance of buildings. They are part of the obligations of the Government to implement the European Directive 2002/91/EC on the Energy Performance of Buildings. In this article Peter Reekie explains what it is all about.

September 2008


An EPC provides an energy rating for a building, which is based on the energy performance potential of the building itself and its services (such as heating, ventilation and lighting). It contains an asset rating of the building on a scale from A, being the most efficient, to G, which is the least. It is accompanied by a recommendation report, which provides recommendations on how the energy performance of the building could be enhanced.

Statutory materials and guidance

The provisions relating to energy performance certificates in relation to commercial property can principally be found in The Energy Performance of Buildings (Certificates and Inspections) (England and Wales) Regulations 2007 SI 2007/991 (SI 991) as amended (see below). Unless stated otherwise regulation numbers given in this article relate these regulations.

A guide to these regulations and an explanation of how they are envisaged to work in practice is available from: www.communities.gov.uk/publications/planningandbuilding/nondwelling. This is entitled “Energy performance certificates for the construction, sale and let of non-dwellings (2nd Edition – July 2008)”. (This publication is referred to in this article as the Guidance note.)

There is also guidance available from the group responsible for the Code for Leasing Business Premises in England and Wales 2007. See: www.leasingbusinesspremises.co.uk/downloads/epc_bnote.pdf.

Further recent publications are: